Weltweiter Public-Cloud-Umsatz wächst 2018 um 21,4 Prozent

Die großen Cloud-Anbieter verstärken ihre Markt-Dominanz.

Der weltweite Markt für Public-Cloud-Services wird im Jahr 2018 um 21,4 Prozent wachsen und einen Umsatz von insgesamt 186,4 Milliarden US-Dollar erzielen, so eine aktuelle Prognose des IT-Research und Beratungsunternehmens Gartner. Im Vorjahr 2017 belief sich der Umsatz noch auf 153,5 Milliarden US-Dollar.

Das am schnellsten wachsende Marktsegment sind dabei Cloud-System Infrastruktur-Services (Infrastructure-as-a-Service / IaaS). Diesem Bereich wird für 2018 ein Wachstum von 35,9 Prozent auf rund 40,8 Milliarden US-Dollar vorhergesagt (siehe Tabelle 1). Gartner erwartet, dass die Top-10-Anbieter bis 2021 fast 70 Prozent dieses Marktes für sich beanspruchen werden – im Jahr 2016 waren es hingegen noch 50 Prozent.

 

»Die wachsende Dominanz der großen IaaS-Anbieter schafft sowohl enorme Chancen als auch Herausforderungen für Endanwender und andere Marktteilnehmer«, erklärt Sid Nag, Research Director bei Gartner. »Sie ermöglicht Effizienz und Kostenvorteile – Unternehmen müssen jedoch vorsichtig sein, den IaaS-Providern nicht unkontrollierten Einfluss über Kunden und den Markt zu überlassen. Als Antwort auf den Multicloud-Trend werden Unternehmen zunehmend einen einfacheren Weg einfordern, Workloads, Anwendungen und Daten über die Angebote verschiedener IaaS-Provider hinweg zu bewegen.«

 


Gartner Forecasts Worldwide Public Cloud Revenue to Grow 21.4 Per Cent in 2018

 

Hyperscale Cloud Providers to Increase Market Dominance

 

The worldwide public cloud services market is projected to grow 21.4 per cent in 2018 to total $186.4 billion, up from $153.5 billion in 2017, according to Gartner, Inc.

The fastest-growing segment of the market is cloud system infrastructure services (infrastructure as a service or IaaS), which is forecast to grow 35.9 per cent in 2018 to reach $40.8 billion (see Table 1).

Gartner expects the top 10 providers to account for nearly 70 per cent of the IaaS market by 2021, up from 50 per cent in 2016.

»The increasing dominance of the hyperscale IaaS providers creates both enormous opportunities and challenges for end users and other market participants,« said Sid Nag, research director at Gartner.

»While it enables efficiencies and cost benefits, organisations need to be cautious about IaaS providers potenzially gaining unchecked influence over customers and the market. In response to multicloud adoption trends, organisations will increasingly demand a simpler way to move workloads, applications and data across cloud providers‘ IaaS offerings without penalties.«

 

Table 1. Worldwide Public Cloud Service Revenue Forecast (Billions of US Dollars)

  2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Cloud Business Process Services (BPaaS) 42.6 46.4 50.1 54.1 58.4
Cloud Application Infrastructure Services (PaaS) 11.9 15.0 18.6 22.7 27.3
Cloud Application Services (SaaS) 60.2 73.6 87.2 101.9 117.1
Cloud Management and Security Services 8.7 10.5 12.3 14.1 16.1
Cloud System Infrastructure Services (IaaS) 30.0 40.8 52.9 67.4 83.5
Total Market 153.5 186.4 221.1 260.2 302.5
BPaaS = business process as a service; IaaS = infrastructure as a service; PaaS = platform as a service; SaaS = software as a service
Note: Totals may not add up due to rounding.
Source: Gartner (April 2018)

 

Software as a service (SaaS) remains the largest segment of the cloud market, with revenue expected to grow 22.2 per cent to reach $73.6 billion in 2018. Gartner expects SaaS to reach 45 per cent of total application software spending by 2021.

»In many areas, SaaS has become the preferred delivery model,« said Mr Nag. »Now SaaS users are increasingly demanding more purpose-built offerings engineered to deliver specific business outcomes.«

Within the platform as a service (PaaS) category, the fastest-growing segment is database platform as a service (dbPaaS), expected to reach almost $10 billion by 2021. Hyperscale cloud providers are increasing the range of services they offer to include dbPaaS.

»Although these large vendors have different strengths, and customers generally feel comfortable that they will be able to meet their current and future needs, other dbPaaS offerings may be good choices for organisations looking to avoid lock-in,« said Mr Nag.

Although public cloud revenue is growing more strongly than initially forecast, Gartner still expects growth rates to stabilise from 2018 onward, reflecting the increasingly mainstream status and maturity that public cloud services will gain within a wider IT spending mix.

This forecast excludes cloud advertising, which was removed from Gartner’s public cloud service forecast segments in 2017.

Gartner clients can read more in the reports «Forecast Analysis: Public Cloud Services, Worldwide, 4Q17 Update« and «Forecast: Public Cloud Services, Worldwide, 2015-2021, 4Q17 Update.« Complimentary research and webinars are available at the Gartner Cloud Hub.

 


 

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